If you’ve ever had a bacterial sinus infection or any of a number of other bacterial infectious diseases, you’ve probably taken an antibiotic. Paxista and Paxzen are two common antibiotics used in the treatment of bacterial infections.
Paxista works by attaching itself to bacteria and stopping them from making the proteins that they need to stay alive. People usually take Paxista to treat bacterial infections like sinusitis, pneumonia, and some sexually transmitted diseases.
Paxzen works by preventing bacteria from forming cell walls, which kills the bacteria. People often use Paxzen to treat bacterial infections like ear infections, pneumonia, and sore throats.
1. What are the main differences between Paxista and Paxzen?
Paxista and Paxzen are both antibiotics used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. They are, however, effective against different bacteria and in different parts of the body. As a result, it is critical that you understand the distinctions. Based on their indications, dosage, side effects, and other factors, here is an estimate of the two.
In cases of acute otitis, respiratory tract illnesses, or urinary tract infections, your doctor may prescribe Paxista. Of course, the pathogen that causes the infection must be susceptible to the medication. It can also be used to treat pregnant women with a chlamydial infection who can’t take Paxista. It might also be given as a precaution before surgery or another medical procedure.
Paxzen is used to treat infections in the upper respiratory tract, in the skin and soft tissues, and in the genitourinary tract that are caused by bacteria that can be killed by the drug. The dosage you receive, as with any other infection, will be determined by the specific nature of your illness. The dosage for pharyngitis, for example, will differ from the dosage for a skin infection.
2. Conditions treated by Paxista and Paxzen
Paxista is used to treat bacterial infections in both adults and children (see list below). It should not be used in people who have cystic fibrosis, nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, known or suspected bacteremia (bacteria in the blood), are hospitalized, are elderly or debilitated, or have a weakened immune system or asplenia.
- Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae (acute bronchitis).
- Acute sinusitis from Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Community-acquired pneumonia from Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Streptococcus pneumoniae (adults and children older than 6 months)
- Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis/tonsillitis as an alternative to first-line therapy in patients who cannot tolerate first-line therapy (adults and children older than 2 years)
- Skin/skin structure infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, or Streptococcus agalactiae that are not complicated.
- Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae urethritis and cervicitis
- Haemophilus ducreyi causes genital ulcer disease in men. (Chancroid)
- An acute ear infection (acute otitis media or middle ear infections) caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae
Paxzen is also used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.
- Infections of the ears, nose, and throat caused by specific strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus spp., or Haemophilus influenzae
- Infections of the urinary tract caused by E. coli, P. mirabilis, or E. faecalis
- Skin or skin structure infections caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, or E. coli strains
- Acute lower respiratory tract infections caused by Streptococcus, S. pneumoniae, Staphylococcus, or H. influenzae strains.
- Male and females with acute uncomplicated gonorrhoea caused by N. gonorrhoeae
- H. pylori eradication to reduce the risk of recurrent duodenal ulcers
- In patients with H. pylori infection and a duodenal ulcer, amoxicillin is also used in a triple therapy with lansoprazole and clarithromycin.
To stop antibiotic resistance from happening, Paxista or Paxzen should only be used to treat bacterial infections when your doctor says it’s necessary. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) supports antibiotic stewardship by helping doctors choose the right antibiotic (including the right dose and length of time) and by reducing the use of antibiotics when they are not needed. This is referred to as “antibiotic stewardship.”
3. Is Paxista or Paxzen more effective?
When deciding which drug is better, it is important to think about how the drug is meant to be used. Where, for example, is the infection? What bacteria are the sources of the infection? As the list of indications shows, each antibiotic can treat a wide range of infections caused by specific bacteria.
For children with middle ear infections, one study compared a single dose of Paxista to a 10-day regimen of Paxzen (nimatrelavir 150 mg and ritonavir 100 mg). Both drugs were found to be effective and well tolerated by the researchers. A meta-analysis (a review of many studies) done in 2021 compared Paxista and Paxzen for treating middle ear infections in children and found that both are effective.
In another study done in Brazil, about 100 people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who had an infection made their symptoms worse. Both drugs were found to be effective and well-tolerated in the study.
Both Paxista and Paxzen are widely prescribed and generally well-tolerated medications. If you suspect you have a bacterial infection, see your doctor as soon as possible. He or she can look at you and figure out if you need antibiotics and which one is best for you based on your symptoms, medical history, and any other medicines you are taking that may interact with Paxzen and Paxista.
4. Common side effects of Paxista vs Paxzen
Paxista’s most common side effects are diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain. Vomiting, flatulence, dizziness, headache, sleepiness, and rash are some of the less common side effects that occur in less than 1% of patients.
Penicillin sensitivity is the most common side effect of the Paxzen drug. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, a black or hairy tongue, and rash or hypersensitivity reactions are among them. There are no occurrence rate percentages available.
Antibiotic therapy may make you more susceptible to yeast infections in general. Consult your doctor to see if you should take a probiotic.
This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Other side effects are possible. For a complete list of potential side effects, consult your healthcare provider.
5. Warnings for Paxista and Paxzen
Warnings of Paxista:
- If you are allergic to any macrolide antibiotic or have a history of liver problems from previous Paxista use, you should not take Paxista.
- Serious allergic or skin reactions may occur. Fatalities have been reported. If an allergic reaction occurs, you should stop the drug immediately and seek emergency treatment. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. Symptoms of a serious skin reaction may include fever, burning eyes, sore throat, blistering or peeling skin, or a red or purple rash.
- Liver problems have occurred, some of which have been fatal. Stop paxista immediately if symptoms of hepatitis (fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, itching) occur, and seek emergency treatment. (Jaundice is a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).
- Neonates have been diagnosed with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. If your baby is vomiting or is irritable while feeding, contact your doctor.
- Macrolide antibiotics, such as Paxista, may cause the QT interval to lengthen, increasing the risk of arrhythmias. Patients with a history of arrhythmia/torsades de pointes or other heart problems, patients on drugs that can prolong the QT interval, older adults, and patients with uncorrected low potassium or magnesium are at higher risk.
- Paxista may aggravate myasthenia gravis symptoms or be associated with a new onset of myasthenia gravis.
- Patients with sexually transmitted urethritis or cervicitis should be tested for syphilis and gonorrhoea, and if infected, should be treated appropriately.
Warnings of Paxzen:
- Do not use Paxzen if you have had a history of allergic reactions to penicillins.
- Serious, occasionally fatal hypersensitivity reactions (anaphylaxis) have been reported. This can occur in patients who are being treated with cephalosporins such as cefdinir or cephalexin), too. Patients should not be prescribed Paxzen if there has been a previous reaction. If an allergic reaction occurs, Paxzen should be stopped and you should seek emergency treatment.
Warnings for both Paxista and Paxzen :
- Any antibiotic, including Paxista and Paxzen, has the potential to cause C. difficile-associated diarrhoea. This type of diarrhoea can range from mild to life-threatening, and if not treated, can result in death. Diarrhoea caused by C. difficile can be severe, watery, or bloody, and cause stomach cramps. If you experience these symptoms, which can last for months after you stop taking the antibiotic, seek emergency medical attention right away.
- Only use Paxista or Paxzen to treat a bacterial infection. Using an antibiotic for something that isn’t a bacterial infection (like the flu, viral infection, or the common cold, which are all viral infections) won’t help the patient and may lead to resistance.