Information regarding each tyre’s safety and environmental impact is now included on the EU tyre label. It aids in tyre comparisons for wet traction, fuel economy, and noise.
Car tyre labels: Explained
Car tyre labels are a component of the law that the EU introduced in 2012 to provide customers with additional information regarding tyre safety (which you can learn more about here) and the impact of the tyre on the environment.
By requiring merchants to present the labels to customers when buying tyres, the EU said in August 2018 that it intends to update and strengthen the current legislation on tyre labelling. The performance of the tyres on snow and ice, as well as ratings for mileage and wear, are hereby anticipated to be also included on labels under the new requirements.
The RAC hailed the EU’s announcement as excellent news for drivers in the UK and praised the tightened labelling standards.
Meaning of various labels
The labels now consist of three images, each of which represents one of three concepts: noise, wet grip, and fuel economy.
Although the noise your tyres create may not seem important when choosing a set of tyres. If you spend a lot of time on the highway, you might choose to spend your money on tyres that improve your driving comfort. Until recently, it was impossible to determine a tyre’s noise level without fitting and using it. However, now noise level will be precisely quantified on tyre labels so you can choose your purchase wisely.
The human ear can distinguish between 3-decibel values, which is how noise is thereby measured in decibels (dB).
The noise bands on tyre labels will come in three distinct varieties and be rated as “A,” “B,” or “C.” A tyre with a noise rating of “A” emits the fewest external noise emissions. Tyres with ratings of “B” and “C” emit more external noise. The label on the tyre will display the decibel (dB).
· Wet grip
Wet grip tyre labels vary from A to G. The rating for a particular tyre is hereby indicated by a black arrow and a white letter. The rating shows stopping distances during wet conditions.
When slowing down from 50 mph, the distance between each letter is around 2.5 metres or more than half a vehicle length. In the rain, a tyre with an “A” rating will stop 18 metres earlier than one with an “F” rating.
· Efficiency of fuel
The rolling resistance of tyres, which accounts for 20% of a car’s fuel consumption, is a major factor. The resistance between the tyre as well as the road surface is the rolling resistance. This is also sometimes referred to as rolling friction and rolling drag. The material used to make the tyre can have an impact on rolling resistance. To lessen rolling resistance, tyre manufacturers do an extensive study into the materials used in their manufacturing processes.
To increase fuel economy, rolling resistance might need to be however decreased. Therefore, choosing tyres with an A rating instead of an E rating might help you save 80 litres of fuel annually, which could equal savings of more than £100. Due to the significant reduction in CO2 emissions, this is also good for the environment.
Less quiet tyres and external noise regulatory requirements
One of the primary sources of “noise pollution” and a nuisance is traffic noise. A tougher restriction on exterior tyre noise is part of the new EU tyre standards that are being imposed. This is exterior noise produced by your tyres Reading, not necessarily the noise you experience inside the car as the driver.
There will be an exterior tyre noise rating on the new EU tyre labelling. Encouragement of silent tyres is the goal.
A tyre is now classified as “A,” “B,” or “C” depending on how loud the outside noise is, which experts measure in decibels (dB) and show on the labels. A tyre with a noise rating of “A” emits the fewest external noise emissions, whereas tyres with ratings of “B” and “C” emit more external noise. The label on the tyre will display the decibel (dB).
We at National are frequently asked what the best option is for low-noise tyres. After all, low noise and comfort frequently go hand in hand. These are important factors to take into account when selecting tyres, along with performance, particularly for customers who drive a lot.
Noise levels and comfort can vary greatly depending on the tyre pattern. The noise is therefore caused by the tyre block on the tread making contact with the road before retracting, hence typically, the more “blocky” the tread pattern, the noisier the tyre will be. Low-profile tyres do tend to be louder, especially as they age.
Low-profile tyres also affect ride comfort, making it rougher, especially on cars when you retrofit it and not standard equipment. This is because when driving on uneven road surfaces, the sidewall will absorb less of the surface impact due to its stronger and shallower construction.
The design of tyre tread patterns has advanced technologically, nevertheless, so that you are no longer constantly forced to choose between performance and noise and comfort.
Do all brand-new automobile tyres have labelling on them?
A tyre label is present on every new tyre sold starting in November 2012. Tyre labelling is not presently needed for retread or remould tyres, although this might change if the EU adopts new rules. For safety concerns, several organisations advise against purchasing retread or remoulded Nexen Tyres Reading.