Complete Guide to Air Conditioner Parts

Experts advise that you undertake routine maintenance on your air conditioner parts every three months to keep them in good condition. Understanding the fundamental components of an air conditioner and how it functions is crucial because it will enable you to spot any potential issues and resolve them with the aid of an HVAC professional.

We’ll walk you through all of the different air conditioner parts in this comprehensive guide, from the main parts and necessary components to the extras and external panels that round out the AC system.

The 3 Primary Parts of an Air Conditioner

1. Air conditioner compressor

In the complete cooling system, the compressor is crucial. Heat is released into the environment as the compressor converts gaseous refrigerant that circulates through the interior components into a liquid. Every few months, a specialist should inspect and service the compressor. DIY maintenance and repairs are not suggested in this situation.

2. Air conditioner Condenser

The heat from inside the unit is removed by the condenser, which then pumps it outside. This essential air conditioning component, which consists of hollow coils, collects the refrigerant and permits it to enter the coil as part of the cooling process.

Your air conditioner’s moisture may react with the compressor coils to create a corrosive material, which might eventually harm the condenser and other components. To remove the corrosive acid, technicians typically use chemical cleaning. However, if the damage is severe, they can ask you to swap out certain internal air conditioning components.

3. Air conditioner evaporator

One of the components of the air conditioner, the evaporator, is in charge of chilling the air in the space. As it moves from the condenser into the evaporator to change back into its gaseous state, the refrigerant, which is in liquid form, cools the air by collecting heat from the surrounding atmosphere.

The evaporator coil starts to run slower and less effective as dirt builds up, requiring more electricity. A vacuum cleaner should be used frequently to clean the coils. With care, as the delicate fins are prone to bending, you might also clean the aluminum fins with a soft brush.

Small parts for air conditioners

1. Expanding valve

The amount of liquid refrigerant that enters the evaporator is managed by the expansion valve. This intricate air conditioning component must be frequently inspected by a qualified technician every few months.

 2. Air Filter

One of the crucial components of an air conditioner is the filter, which is in charge of removing any dust, dirt, debris, or possibly dangerous viruses from the air you breathe. By washing the filters once a month with water and mild detergent, you may DIY-maintain this component.

3. Thermostat

Sensors and control panels called thermostats let you set the room’s temperature to anything you choose. When the temperature reaches the setting you’ve set on the thermostat, the air conditioner will keep cooling the room. When the room temperature reaches that point, the sensor alerts the device.

 4. Muffler

The muffler, one of the most underappreciated components of an air conditioner, manages the noise that the compressor makes while it operates. The compressor creates a terrifying amount of noise. The muffler is crucial since it enables you to take advantage of the pleasant temperature and quiet surroundings.

5. Drain Pipes

An air conditioner’s drainage system is in charge of stopping any kind of leaks, condensation or dripping from the device. Experts always advise installing a high-quality aircon pipe system to prevent any unneeded failures or leaks in the air conditioning machine.

6. Printed circuit board, or PCB

Printed circuit boards, often known as PCBs, are frequently found in air conditioners’ indoor and outdoor units. Within the unit, this board is in charge of carrying out sophisticated communication, data calculation, and output operations. It transmits instructions to the various air conditioner components.

7. Air conditioning Capacitor

An AC unit contains a compact, a small electrical part called a capacitor that is used to store charge in an electrostatic field. It serves as a device for short-term electricity storage. The capacitor starts the motors in your cooling system and stabilizes electricity.

8. A/C Fan

The fan motor and blower motor that makes up the air conditioner’s fan is in charge of creating the right amount of air ventilation and regulating inside the air conditioner. The blower motors move cool air through the inside unit while the fan motor removes heat from the outdoor unit.

9. Components for ducted or vented air conditioners

The air pressure inside of your house or place of business is maintained by the AC vents. These tiny gaps, or slits, are designed to improve your air conditioning system and filter out any dirt or debris that might find its way into your room.

10. The frigidaire

A liquid or gaseous substance called refrigerant runs through the system, chilling the air as it absorbs heat and supplies refrigeration to air conditioners and their primary components.

11. Remote management

With the remote, users may easily change settings, turn the power on and off, or regulate the temperature from anywhere within the control board’s field of impact. It is a typical AC accessory that is included with contemporary ACs.

Important Information and Additional Air Conditioner Components

It’s important to be aware of details regarding your air conditioner, such as the model number, brand, and more, while looking for air conditioner maintenance and repairs. Your user’s manual, which ought to have been packaged with your device when you first bought it, contains these details. What your advisor should say to you is as follows:

Type of air conditioner

  1. Stock number or the model number
  2. Model and brand names
  3. Diagnostics and error codes
  4. Repair manual
  5. The number for customer service
  6. Address of the business Registered trademarks

Make cleaning the AC simple

Unable to locate your unit? Our specialists at Luce Aircon will handle the cleaning and repairs while making AC maintenance simple for you! Do not worry about the various air conditioner components because our specialists are knowledgeable about various AC accessories.